Feeding Orphan Kittens and Puppies

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Feeding Orphaned pets

You can use a prepared  milk mixture (recipe below), which is very nourishing, for orphaned pets that must
be bottle-fed. Add only small quantities of rice cereal to the milk mixture (5 ml [1 tsp.] for the
first four weeks). It is important that the mixture is not too thick otherwise newborns risk
choking on it. You will need to feed four to six times a day. Gradually start to thicken the milk mixture as of the 6th , two to four times a day. By week six the kittens or puppies will learn to lick the milk mixture in a plate while still drinking milk from their mother. At first, the mixture will have to have a more liquid texture. Around the age of seven weeks, start adding a little bit of raw ground beef to the milk mixture to give it a thicker texture. Around 10 weeks, start to gradually introduce other meats and puree vegetable. If you prefer you can use a prepared kitten or puppy food to replace the homemade preparation. After 2 months of age you can introduce a quality kibble for kittens or puppies.

Follow instructions provided regarding weaning orphaned kittens and puppies according to their

Age and weight. After the age of 10 weeks, refer to Tables 8 to 10 to know their energy needs in kcal.

√ Prepare the milk mixture every day.
√ Heat it before serving (test the temperature on your wrist).

puppies-and-kittens-pictures

HOMEMADE MILK MIXTURE FOR YOUNG PETS (CATS AND DOGS)
125 ml (½ cup) of Carnation milk (condensed)
75 ml (¼ cup) of water
1 egg
5 ml (1 tsp.) of powdered milk*
15 ml (1 tbsp.) of corn syrup or honey
15 ml (1 tbsp.) of molasses
5 ml (1 tsp.) of rice cereal (in a box, Pablum or other brand)
Mix of vitamins for pets (available from your veterinarian) or liquid vitamins for human
babies (3 drops)
2.5 ml (½ tsp.) of safflower or sunflower oil                                                                                                                            2.5  ml (½ tsp.) of canola oil                                                                                                                                                   0.5 ml (⅛ tsp.) of healthy powder (see below)

Mix all the ingredients until you have a milkshake-like mixture. Serve lukewarm: in a bottle
for pets younger than four weeks, and in a plate for pets older than four weeks. Keep the
remaining mixture in the fridge but for no more than a day.
Provides approximately 382 kcal/231 ml (8.2 kcal /5 ml [1 tsp.]).
√ To wean: you can start adding more rice cereal (10 ml [2 tsp.] or more) and  powdered
milk when young pets reach the age of five weeks.
√ You can start adding raw meat to the mixture when pets reach the age of seven weeks.
It is preferable to use fresh meat. Milk and meat surplus must be stored separately.

√ Prepare the milk mixture every day.
√ Heat it before serving (test the temperature on your wrist).

Table 1  The daily milk quantity (homemade mixture) for orphaned kittens, according to their weight, for the first four weeks of life

Age (in weeks)                         Kcal/ g of weight         Kcal/oz. of weight
1 0                                                                     20                                                           5.7
2 0                                                                     22                                                            6.3
3 0                                                                     27                                                            7.7
4 0                                                                     29                                                            8.3
* This table only gives an approximation. Caloric needs vary from one pet to another.
Source: According to S. I. Bistner and R. W. Kirk, “Feeding Dogs and Cats”, in Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and
Emergency Treatment, 4th ed. (Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1985), p. 870.

You will need an accurate scale, in grams or ounces, to calculate the exact weight of kittens
and puppies. Milk serving sizes will have to be calculated every day according to the animal’s
weight during the first four weeks of its life.

Example: The first week (two-day old kitten), the kitten weighs 114 g (4 oz.). To determine
the right milk mixture portion for the day: 114 g x 0.20 = 22.8 kcal/day (4 oz. x 5.7 = 22.8
kcal/day).
The milk mixture provides approximately 8.2 kcal/5 ml (1 tsp.); in this case, the kitten would
need approximately 3 ml (¾ tsp.) (22.8/8.2 kcal = 3 ml) of this milk mixture during the day.

Be careful: newborns must be bottle-fed and not fed with a dropper.
√ Feeding frequency: 3 to 5 portions (calculated quantity) for the day.
√ Since the milk mixture (p. 173) is very rich in kcal/tsp., kittens do not need to drink as
much of as they would with cow milk.
Table 2. The daily milk quantity (homemade mixture) for orphaned puppies, according to their weight, for the first four weeks of life

(Age in weeks)                                   Kcal/g of weight                             Kcal/ oz. of weight  
                                                                     
1 0                                                                                133                                                                                3.8
2 0                                                                               155                                                                                4.4
3 0                                                                              0.175 to 0.20                                                            5.0 to 5.7
4                                                                                more than 0.20                                                       more than 5.7
* This table only gives an approximation. Caloric needs vary from one pet to another.
Source: According to S. I. Bistner and R. W. Kirk, “Feeding Dogs and Cats”, in Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and
Emergency Treatment, 4th ed. (Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1985), p. 870.
Example: The first week, the puppy weighs 227 g (8 oz.). To determine the right milk mixture
portion for the day: 227 g x 0.133 = 30.4 kcal/day (8 oz. x 3.8 = 30.4 kcal/day).
The milk mixture provides approximately 8.2 kcal/5 ml (1 tsp.); in this case, the puppy would
need approximately 4 ml (4⁄5
tsp.) (30.4 kcal/8.2 kcal = 4 ml) of this milk mixture during the
day.
√ Be careful: newborns must be bottle-fed and not fed with a dropper.

√ Feeding frequency: 3 to 5 portions (calculated quantity) for the day.
√ Since the milk mixture  is very rich in kcal/tsp., puppies do not need to drink as much of as they would with cow’s milk or other prepared mixtures for pets.
√ Basically, a puppy needs, every 24 hours, 15 ml (1 tbsp.) of the prepared mixture for
every 50 g (2 oz.) of body weight, if it is fed pre-prepared milk (from your veterinarian,
[0.9 kcal/ml]), homogenized milk (1.0 kcal/ml) or condensed milk with no additive (1.2
kcal/ml).

Healthy Powder

– 500 ml (2 cups) of nutritious yeast (torula*) [contains B vitamins] – 250 ml (1 cup) of lecithin granules (contain linoleic acid [omega-6] and support the digestion of fats)
– 60 ml (¼ cup) of seaweed powder (kelp) [excellent source of minerals] – 25 ml (5 tsp.) of eggshell powder**
– 1,000 mg of vitamin C (in tablets or powder)
– 500 mg of taurine powder (optional, but preferable for cats)
* If you cannot find torula yeast, you can replace it with another nutritious yeast.
** Wash the eggshells, dry them in the oven at 150 °C (300 °F) for 10 minutes and crush them finely (a crushed eggshell
yields approximately 10 ml [2 tsp.] and provides 3,600 mg of calcium). You can substitute eggshells with 60 ml (¼ cup) of
bone meal or calcium tablets (you will need 9,000 mg tablets; read the label to see how much calcium a tablet contains).
Source: Adapted from H. R. Pitcairn and S. Hubble Pitcairn, Natural Health for Dogs and Cats (Emmaus, Philadelphia:
Rodale Press, 1995), p. 39

Chantale Robinson  B.Sc , A.H.T

www.kilookas.com

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