The Alaskan Malamute is a large breed of domestic dog ( Canis lupus familiaris ) originally bred for hauling heavy freight because of their strength and endurance, and later an Alaskan sled dog. The Alaskan Malamute is described as a descendant of dogs of the Mahlemut (now known as Kuuvangmiut or more commonly Kobuk) group of Inupiat in upper western Alaska. This dog was never destined to be a racing sled dog; it was used for heavy freighting, pulling hundreds (maybe thousands) of pounds of supplies to villages and camps in groups of at least 4 dogs for heavy loads.
In 2010 the Alaskan Malamute was named the official state dog of Alaska .
Reasonably amenable. Malamutes, like other Northern and sled dog breeds, can have a high prey drive, due to their origins and breeding. This may mean in some cases they will chase smaller animals, including other canines, as well as rabbits, squirrels, and cats. Malamutes are very fond of people, a trait that makes them particularly sought-after family dogs, but unreliable watchdogs. So while Malamutes are, as a general rule, particularly amicable around people and can be taught to tolerate smaller pets, it is necessary to be mindful of them around smaller animals and small children.
Demanding. The Malamute retains more of its original form and function than many other modern breeds. So make sure there are plenty of long walks, biking and other demanding sports.
From 58 cm (F) to 64 cm (M) / From 34 kg (F) to 39 kg (M).
The coat of the Alaskan Malamute is a double coat. The undercoat has an oily and woolly texture and can be as thick as two inches. The outer guard coat is coarse and stands off the body—longer at the withers but not more than one inch off the sides of the body.
Various shades of gray and white, sable and white, black and white, seal and white, red and white, or solid white.
(Source: Wikipédia & The Ultimate Dogs, Dog Breeds & Dog Care by Dr Peter Larkin & Mike Stockman, August 2015)