American Cocker Spaniel
American : a breed of sporting dog. It is a spaniel type dog that is closely related to the English Cocker Spaniel; the two breeds diverged during the 20th century due to differing breed standards in America and the UK. The first spaniel in America came across with the Mayflower in 1620, but it was not until 1878 that the first Cocker Spaniel was registered with the American Kennel Club (AKC).
English : The English Cocker Spaniel is a breed of gun dog. The American Cocker Spaniel was developed from the English Cocker Spaniel in the 19th century to retrieve quail and woodcock. They were originally divided from the English Cocker solely on a size basis, but were bred over the years for different specific traits.
American : the breed standard defines the ideal dog of the breed as being “equable in temperament with no suggestion of timidity. The Cocker Spaniel has a cheerful nature, and is excellent working/obedience intelligence .With a good level of socialization at an early age, an American Cocker can get along with people, children, other dogs and other pets. Cockers can be easily stressed by loud noises and by rough treatment or handling.
Average (for both).
American: from 34 to 39 cm / between 11 to 14 kg.
English: from 38 to 41 cm / between 12 and 15 kg.
American: exaggeratedly long and profuse on the legs and abdomen.
English: shorter than the “American” Cocker Spaniel.
American: black/black and tan, any solid color other than black.
English: red (gold) and black also in black and white, and multicolor.
(Source: Wikipédia & The Ultimate Dogs, Dog Breeds & Dog Care by Dr Peter Larkin & Mike Stockman, August 2015)