The Labrador Retriever , also known as simply Labrador or Lab , is one of several kinds of retrievers, a type of gun dog . The first written reference to the breed was in 1814. By 1870, the name Labrador Retriever became common in England. The first yellow Labrador on record was born in 1899. The chocolate Labrador emerged in the 1930s. Labradors are athletic, playful, and the most popular breed of dog by registered ownership in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States (since 1991).
Kind, pleasant, outgoing and tractable nature. Labradors’ sense of smell allows them to home in on almost any scent and follow the path of its origin. Labradors instinctively enjoy holding objects and even hands or arms in their mouths, which they can do with great gentleness. Labradors have a reputation as a very even-tempered breed and an excellent family dog. This includes a good reputation with children of all ages and other animals. Females may be slightly more independent than males. Labradors mature at around three years of age; before this time they can have a significant degree of puppy-like energy, often mislabelled as being hyperactive.
Considerable. Because of their enthusiasm, leash-training early on is suggested to prevent pulling when full-grown. Labradors often enjoy retrieving a ball endlessly (often obsessively) and other forms of activity (such as agility, frisbee, or flyball). Labrador owner must carefully control their dog’s food intake to avoid obesity and its associated health problems.
Between 55 and 62 cm / Between 25 and 32 kg.
Smooth, short, dense and straight.
Black (a solid black color), yellow (considered from cream to fox-red), and chocolate (medium to dark brown).
Low to average.
(Source: Wikipédia & The Ultimate Dogs, Dog Breeds & Dog Care by Dr Peter Larkin & Mike Stockman, August 2015)