The Leonberger is a giant dog breed. The breed’s name derives from the city of Leonberg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. According to legend, the Leonberger was ostensibly bred as a ‘symbolic dog’ that would mimic the lion in the town crest. The first dogs registered as Leonbergers were born in 1846 and had many of the prized qualities of the breeds from which they were derived. During the two world wars, Leonbergers were used to pull the ammunition carts, a service to the breed’s country that resulted in the Leonbergers’ near-destruction. Leonbergers today can have their ancestry traced to the eight dogs that survived World War II. Around the beginning of the 20th Century, Leonbergers were imported by the Government of Canada for use as water rescue/lifesaving dogs. The breed continues in that role today, along with the Newfoundland, Labrador Retriever and Golden Retriever dogs.
Well socialized and trained, the Leonberger is self-assured, insensitive to noise, submissive to family members, friendly toward children, well composed with passersby, and self-disciplined when obliging its family or property with protection. Robust, loyal, intelligent, playful, and kindly, they can thus be taken anywhere without difficulty and adjust easily to a variety of circumstances, including the introduction of other dogs.
Between 65 to 80 cm / Between 45 and 77 kg.
Generous, water resistant, double coat on his body that is complemented by the long, profuse, outer coat that is durable, relatively straight, lies flat, and fits close, strengthening his silhouette.
Accompanying his striking black mask, a variety of coat colors are acceptable, including all combinations of lion-yellow, red, red-brown, and sand.
A good brushing every week is sufficient to keep it in fine shape, except when the undercoat is being shed; then daily combing or brushing is in order for the duration of the moult. Regular use of a drag comb especially in the undercoat, is highly effective. It is not to be shaved. Its double coat insulates against both heat and cold, and shaving can affect the dog’s natural body temperature regulation.
(Source: Wikipédia & The Ultimate Dogs, Dog Breeds & Dog Care by Dr Peter Larkin & Mike Stockman, August 2015)