The Newfoundland is a large working dog. It was originally bred and used as a working dog for fishermen in the Canadian province of Newfoundland. The Newfoundland shares many traits with other mastiffs, such as the St. Bernard and English mastiff . Newfoundlands were brought and introduced to the St. Bernard breed in the 18th century when the population was threatened by an epidemic of distemper. The breed prospered in the United Kingdom, until 1914 and again in 1939, when its numbers were almost fatally depleted by wartime restrictions. Since the 1950s there has been a steady increase in numbers and popularity.
The Newfoundland dog is known for its calm and docile nature and its strength. They are highly loyal and make ideal working dogs. They typically have a deep bark, and are easy to train if started young. They are wonderfully good with children, but because of their size at a very young age, small children could get accidentally leaned on and knocked down. Newfoundlands are ideal companions in the world of therapy and are often referred to as the nanny dog. The Newfoundland in general is good with other animals, but its size can create problems if not trained.
Average to considerable (enjoys water activities).
From 68 cm (F) to 75 cm (M) / From 45 to 55 kg (F) to 60 to 70 kg (M).
Thick and straight.
Black, brown, beige, black-and-white patches (“Landseer”) and gray (the rarest).
(Source: Wikipédia & The Ultimate Dogs, Dog Breeds & Dog Care by Dr Peter Larkin & Mike Stockman, August 2015)