The Pomeranian (often known as a Pom or Pom Pom ) is a breed of dog of the Spitz type, named for the Pomerania region in Central Europe (today part of northern Poland and eastern Germany). Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from the larger Spitz type dogs, specifically the German Spitz. The breed has been made popular by a number of royal owners since the 18th century. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian and consequently the smaller variety became universally popular. During Queen Victoria’s lifetime alone, the size of the breed decreased by 50%.
Pomeranians are typically a very friendly, playful and lively breed of dog, but are often aggressive to other dogs. They love to be around their owners and are known to be protective of them. Pomeranians are alert and aware of changes in their environment and barking at new stimuli can develop into a habit of barking excessively in any situation. They are somewhat defensive of their territory and will thus bark a lot when they encounter any outside noises. They are extroverted and enjoy being the center of attention but can become quite aggressive and dominant if not well trained. The use of toys can be an effective tool in encouraging Pomeranians to spend time alone.
Low to average. Pomeranians are intelligent dogs, respond well to training, and can be very successful in getting what they want from their owners.
From 22 to 28 cm / between 1.5 to 2 kg.
Abundant stand-off coat.
Orange, black or cream through white.
(Source: Wikipédia & The Ultimate Dogs, Dog Breeds & Dog Care by Dr Peter Larkin & Mike Stockman, August 2015)