The Rottweiler is a medium to large-sized breed of domestic dog. The dogs were known as “Rottweil butchers’ dogs” because they were used to herd livestock and pull carts laden with butchered meat and other products to market. The breed’s history likely dates to the Roman Empire. It is likely that the Rottweiler is a descendant of ancient Roman drover dogs, a mastiff-type dog that was a dependable, rugged dog with great intelligence and guarding instincts. The buildup to World War I saw a great demand for police dogs, and that led to a revival of interest in the Rottweiler. During the First and Second World Wars, Rottweilers were put into service in various roles, including as messenger, ambulance, draught, and guard dogs.
Calm, confident and courageous dog with a self-assured aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships. Has an inherent desire to protect home and family, and is an intelligent dog of extreme hardness and adaptability with a strong willingness to work, making them especially suited as a companion, guardian and general all-purpose dog. Rottweilers are a powerful breed with well-developed genetic herding and guarding instincts. Breed experts declare that formal training and extensive socialization are essential for all Rottweilers.
Between 61–69 cm (M) and 56–63 cm (F) / Between 35–48 kg (F) and 50–60 kg (M).
Double-coated, Short, hard and thick.
Black and tan or black and mahogany.
Low to average.
(Source: Wikipédia & The Ultimate Dogs, Dog Breeds & Dog Care by Dr Peter Larkin & Mike Stockman, August 2015)